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Dr. Oliver Lawrence Dr. Oliver Lawrence Dr. Oliver Lawrence


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  Black Identification in a White World by Oliver Lawrence
Black in a White World


  Community Organizing  Organizations by Oliver Lawrence
Community Organizing Organizations


  Data Mining by Oliver Lawrence
Data Mining


  Educator-Technologist: The key to merging learning and technology by Oliver Lawrence
Educator-Technologist: The key to merging learning and technology


  Empower Me! by Oliver Lawrence
Empower Me!


  Ethical Values by Oliver Lawrence
Ethical Values


  Five Orientations of Peace by Oliver Lawrence
Five Orientations of Peace


  Flash 2D Animation by Oliver Lawrence
Flash 2D Animation


  Internet 101: An introduction to web surfing (Online Learning) by Oliver Lawrence
Internet 101: An introduction to web surfing (Online Learning)


  Language Revitalization using Technology by Oliver Lawrence
Language Revitalization using Technology


  Stories from South Africa Vol. 1 by Oliver Lawrence
Stories from South Africa Vol. 1


  Meeting Diversity, Seeking Commonality: International students in America by Oliver Lawrence
Meeting Diversity, Seeking Commonality: International students in America


  Multiculturalism and Non-Racialism: Comparing anti-racist programs by Oliver Lawrence
Multiculturalism and Non-Racialism: Comparing anti-racist programs


  Poverty: A Personal Perspective by Oliver Lawrence
Poverty: A Personal Perspective


  Stories from South Africa Vol. 2 by Oliver Lawrence
Stories from South Africa Vol. 2


  Roman Numerals by Oliver Lawrence
Roman Numerals


  Roman Numerals.jpg by Oliver Lawrence
Roman Numerals


  Seven reasons why bullying persists by Oliver Lawrence
Why bullying persists


  Story as Case Study: The initial research methodology by Oliver Lawrence
Story as Case Study


  Tapping Natural Learning Systems by Oliver Lawrence
Tapping Natural Learning Systems


  Technology for Committees: online deliberations, discussions, and decision-making. by Oliver Lawrence
Technology for Committees:


  The Global Internet Video Classroom (GIVC): A technology supported education model for international learning. by Oliver Lawrence
The Global Internet Video Classroom (GIVC): A technology supported education model for international learning.


  The Mediation Play by Oliver Lawrence
The Mediation Play


  The Philosophy of Non-Racialism by Oliver Lawrence
Non-Racialism


  The Learning Organization; a collaborative management model. by Oliver Lawrence
The Learning Organization


  Ubuntu, Truth and Reconciliation by Oliver Lawrence
Ubuntu, Truth and Reconciliation

Five orientations of Peace

Five Orientations of Peace by Oliver Lawrence
Five Orientations of Peace

Peace is elusive. Many strive to achieve peace. Five orientations or strategies to achieve peace are highlighted to provide every peace-maker a choice that fits his or her preferences and levels of commitment. Peace is widely envisioned as a state of absence of hostilities between nations. Many countries trade and have exchanges that are mutually beneficial. Treaties or mutual understandings allow for resolution of disputes. Martin Luther King gave a Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech on December 10, 1964 in Oslo, Norway. He accepted the Nobel Prize for Peace while millions of people were engaged in a creative battle torect empowerment so that you will be prepared and ready when the need to take meaningful action arises.

A universal concept of peace of a practical nature is yet to exist. There are concepts of peace, but there are serious misgivings on the realization of the concept of peace in the real world. This book is an effort to bring together the information available on peace programs in a way that can illustrate the successful criteria for achieving positive movement towards a world of peace. According to Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis, most of the things worth doing in the world were declared impossible before they were done (Barnaby, 1988). This paper will chronicle an historical continuum of efforts towards peace. The concepts and strategies are based on our understanding that has been forged by our history.

Defining Peace

Peace is serenity and calmness. The root is from the Latin pac or pax; akin to Latin pacisci to agree, which includes the concept of a pact. The Roman system of peace was firmly rooted in Roman law, in creating pacts of understanding and agreements. Peace is a state of tranquility or quiet, freedom from civil disturbance, a state of security or order within a community provided for by law or custom, freedom from disquieting or oppressive thoughts or emotions, harmony in personal relations, a state or period of mutual concord between governments, and a pact or agreement to end hostilities among those who have been at war or in a state of enmity (Merriam-Webster, 2003). There are a number of words that describe peace. From each definition emanates a number of concepts that are inherited from the derivative source. Shalom is a concept of peace inherited from the Jewish tradition. The peace of shalom is concerned about the physical well-being of a person. Shalom, the Hebrew word for peace, has three shades of meaning. First, it can refer to a material and physical state of affairs, this being its most frequent usage. It can also refer to relationships, the closest meaning to the English word 'peace.' Finally, it also has a moral sense, which is its least frequent meaning (Yoder, 1987:11).


Community Organizing
Community Organizing. Take this course online to learn community organizing strategies. Receive immediate feedback on your progress. Learn through doing and creating a portfolio for the job interview. Never miss a lecture, assignment, or a quiz. A certificate is obtainable for a successful supervised campaign. Community Organizing is a science and an art. It may seem like a knee-jerk response to injustice. There are so many incidents that occur on a daily basis in communities that are exploitative, denigrating, and simply inhumane. Many will become angered and motivated to take immedite action but it takes strategy and organization to take effective action. Learn about the theories and philosphies of direct empowerment so that you will be prepared and ready when the need to take meaningful action arises.
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